Back pain is a major health issue that causes pain, discomfort and may affect the daily activities of the affected individual. Research has revealed that almost two-thirds of people experience back pain.  The back muscles and spine support much of the body’s weight. A person uses the muscles for everyday movements, including sitting, standing, and walking, which could make a case of back pain almost unbearable.

Back pain could occur as a result of various factors like; pregnancy, old age, poor posture, arthritis, muscle strain, ligament strain, disc bulge or any other related factor that could cause back pain. In some cases, the cause may remain unknown. Physiotherapy has been known to help with back pain. It helps with pain treatment, pain management, it increases the back function and prevents future back problems.  Physiotherapy is a good means of solving back pain without surgery or painkillers.

Common causes of back pain:

Poor posture: Poor posture while standing or seating can cause back pain. Slouching or sitting hunched over a desk are examples of bad posture. Bad posture can lead to muscular imbalances such as tightness and weakness, which also cause pain.

Muscle strain: This occurs when the back muscle is weak or overworked.

Ligament sprain: Ligaments connect the spinal vertebrae and provide stability for the low back. They can be injured with a sudden, forceful movement or prolonged stress.

Age: Normal aging causes decreased bone density, strength and elasticity of muscles and ligaments. Wear and tear, and inherited factors may cause degenerative changes in the discs, called degenerative disc disease, and joint degeneration of the facet joints of the spine, called degenerative joint disease. These effects can be minimized by regular exercise including, proper lifting and moving techniques, proper nutrition, and body composition.

Disc bulge: also known as herniation, can cause pressure on a nerve, which can radiate pain down the leg. This can be properly treated with physiotherapy. Book an appointment with your physiotherapist to design a treatment and management plan designed just for you.

Other causes of back pain include pregnancy, bladder/kidney infection, endometriosis, cancer, or ovarian problems.

A physiotherapist as a health care professional helps with

 Assessment and consultation on your back pain.

Before you decide on which physiotherapy methods to use, a physiotherapist should be consulted. This allows you to have a better understanding of the back pain, what therapy methods should be used, the causes of the back pain and how the best way to treat the back pain. Vivere Wellness has skilled, experienced and certified physiotherapist which will help you assess your back pain and provide you with the best and experienced consultation on your back pain before you start treatment.

Specific exercises therapy.

Research shows that exercise helps reduce back pain and shorten recovery time, gone are those days where bed rest is recommended. Exercise and being physically active help strengthen the muscles of your spine, which helps reduce back pain, fasten the healing process, improve function, builds strong and flexible muscles and reduces future back problems. Here at Vivere Wellness our physiotherapist are well learned, efficient and extensive experience working on the best exercise therapy for back pain, we offer the best exercise therapy for our patients.

Education on how to manage any future back problems

Physiotherapists teach parents how to best manage their back so as to prevent future back pain. They help in the healing and recovery process and educate patients on the ways to avoid a relapse of a backache after their recovery process.

  •    Create a pain management plan
  •    Advice on returning to work, sport and daily activities

After a comprehensive full body assessment to determine the nature and severity of the back pain, your physiotherapist will determine and suggest the best methods to manage and treat the back pain, however, some techniques which help to reduce back pain include;

  •    Exercise: The importance of exercise for back pain cannot be overemphasized Regular exercise has been revealed to reduce back pain by a significant percentage. Low impact, moderate intensity exercise is the safest option. Exercise contributes greatly to reducing back pain. Exercise and being physically active help strengthen the muscles of your spine, radically reducing back pain, and helping with the healing process.

Exercise helps build strong, flexible muscles that will be less prone to injury, and improve function preventing and reducing problems in the future. Exercise also helps to lose weight. Losing weight, relieves pressure on the lower spine and nerves, and helps to reduce back pain. Make exercise a part of your daily routine, consult a physiotherapy to guide you on the best exercise techniques to handle your back pain.

Physiotherapists at Vivere Wellness are well equipped to consult on the best type of exercise to use for reducing back pain.   

  •    Healthy diet: Consume a healthy diet, and make sure it includes calcium and vitamin D for good bone health. Vitamin D is good for bone health and enhances strong bones, hence reduces back pain or the occurrence of back pain.
  •    Posture: Bad posture can contribute to back pain. Maintain a good posture, while sitting and standing. Do not slouch or bend your back, do not stand or sit for too long. Lift objects in a proper way, do not twist your back while trying to lift objects, bend your knees when trying to lift anything or when trying to pick something from the ground and try not to lift heavy objects.
  •    Appropriate footwear: Wear proper footwear, Ladies who tend to wear heels for a long time are more susceptible to backaches.
  •    Mattress: You should always you a good mattress that supports your back.
  •    Yoga: Yoga combines many stretching exercises that can reduce muscle tension and prevent future back pain. Yoga also creates balance in your body through various poses that develop flexibility, and strength Yoga helps with good posture, generates balance in the body, develops flexibility and strength which helps prevent back pain.

References

Dickerman, R. D. (n.d.). Physical Therapy for Low Back Pain Relief. Retrieved from Spine Health: https://www.spine-health.com/treatment/physical-therapy/physical-therapy-low-back-pain-relief

Physiotherapy Org. (n.d.). How Physio Can Help Back Pain. Retrieved from Physiotherapy Org: https://physiotherapy.org.nz/your-health/how-physio-can-help/back-pain/

Results. (n.d.). Lower Back Pain. Retrieved from Results: https://www.resultspt.com/lower-back-pain

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